Origin and Early History

1. Origin

The Lockwood name means "enclosed wood" and the surname denotes one whose place of residence or birth was Lockwood. It could be derived from one or more of the following locations:-

English: habitational name from a place in West Yorkshire, probably named in Old English as ‘enclosed wood’, from loc(a) ‘enclosure’ (see Lock) + wudu ‘wood’. It seems likely that all present-day bearers of the name descend from a single family which originated in this place. There is another place of the same name in Cleveland, first recorded in 1273 as Locwyt, from Old English loc(a) + Old Norse viđr ‘wood’, ‘brake’, but it is not clear whether it has given rise to a surname.

2. Early History

The earliest recorded instances of the name include:-

Henry de Lokwood, Wales (1221)

Henry de Locwode in the Assize Rolls for Staffordshire in 1294

Henry de Locwode, Surrey (1294)

Richard de Locwode Prestwood, (Ellastone?), Staffs in 1305

Alice de Locwode in subsidy roll of Ellastone, Staffs in 1327

Adam de Lokwode in the Feet of Fines for Yorkshire in 1352

Willelmus de Lokewod and Thomas de Lockewod in the Yorkshire Poll tax of 1379

John Lockewode, archer under Humphrey Duke of Gloucester, France, 1417 (TNA E101/51/2) ***

William Lockewode serving under Thomas Beaufort, Duke of Exeter, garrison, 1417 (TNA E101/48/17)

Richard Lokwode in Calendar of Letter Books, Kent in 1455

 

*** may have been at Agincourt

3. West Riding of Yorkshire

By far the most heavily populated area for Lockwoods in the UK is the West Riding of Yorkshire. This is as true today , as it was 700 years ago. A study of West Riding surnames was undertaken by George Redmond in his book "English Surnames Series - Yorkshire West Riding", published in 1973 by Phillimore (ISBN 0 85033 096 3) and the details below, are a summary of the findings for the name of Lockwood mainly in the parish of Almondbury, located just south of Huddersfield.

4. Spelling variations in the name of Lockwood

There are many different variations of the Lockwood name, usually as a result of the name being spelt incorrectly in parish registers. The following is a list of the variations found so far mostly in IGI and census records:-

LACKWARD LACKWOOD LACKWOODS LACKWONE LAKEWOD
LAKEWOOD LAKEWORD LARKWOOD LEAKWOOD LECKWOOD
LEEKWOOD LICHWOOD LOCHWOOD LOCKEDWOOD LOCKEWOD
LOCKEWODDE LOCKEWODE LOCKEWOOD LOCKEWOODE LOCKKOD
LOCKUD LOCKWARD LOCKWOD LOCKWODD LOCKWODDE
LOCKWODE LOCKWOODE LOCKWOODS LOCWODE LOCWOOD
LOCKWORD LOKEWOD LOKEWODE LOKEWOOD LOKWODE
LOKWOOD LOKWOODE LOOCKWOOD LOOKWOOD LOXWOOD

5. Size of One Name Study

In Volume 7 Issue 10 April - June 2002 of the Journal of One-Name Studies, an article by Alan Bardsley titled "How big will your one-name study be?", gave a table of factors to work out the likely size of a one name study. Using some of these factors, I have estimated that there will be about 46,000 - 50,000  Lockwoods in the study between the years 1541 and 1996. Note that this is valid for the UK only.

1841 births = 155 x factor 319 = 49,445

1851 births = 204 x factor 280 = 57,120

1861 births = 185 x factor 253 = 46,805

1871 births = 202 x factor 229 = 46,258

1881 census = 6631 x factor 7 = 46,417